Italian Centre for Research on Universities & HE Systems

Towards Unified and Stratified Systems of Higher Education? Systems Convergence and Organizational Stratified Differentiation in Europe

Massimiliano Vaira

Type: Chapter in edited book
Year: 2009

The aim of the essay is to provide a descriptive and analytical account of the process of structural change in European higher education systems and institutions which characterizes the last decade. The Bologna Process creates a new institutional environment and new organizational requirements for higher education systems and institutions leading to a blurring between university and non-university institutions. The emerging of international system of rankings is contributing to the tendency to overtake the previously diversified systems structure and institutions towards unified and stratified systems. In this landscape the alternative convergence or diversification seems not to be appropriate to account the ongoing changing process. It is argued that a different dynamic is taking place, more related to structural convergence, organizational differentiation and stratification of institutions.

B. Khem, B. Stensaker (eds.) University Rankings, Diversity, and the New Landscape of Higher Education, Sense Publisher, Rotterdam, pp. 135-154



Varieties of Governance. Dynamics, Strategies, Capacities

The study of governance may be currently in fashion, but it is also a firmly-established lens through which the complexities of contemporary policy making can be analysed while examining the ways in which a society and its political processes are organized and steered. [...]